E2K’s environmental service includes environmental site assessments, remediation and reclamation, waste disposal including landfill waste assessment, compliance monitoring, risk assessment, petroleum storage tank removal, soil and groundwater management, clean fill assessment for development projects, and approval compliance services including soil and groundwater management program design and implementation.
Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) are very critical in real estate transactions, corporate mergers, acquisitions, or refinancing to identify and quantify the potential environmental risks that might influence the value of a property or the operating businesses on a property. With experience conducting environmental site assessments for a variety of property types, including residential developments, commercial ventures etc., E2K ensures that you are provided with a broad perspective on site conditions. Here is a description of E2K’s core environmental services:
Phase I ESA: A Phase I involves the review of publicly and privately available databases and records in order to build a site history. This is then used to assess the potential of environmental impact at the site based upon past operations. The site is also inspected in person and any signs of possible environmental impact are documented. When the Phase I is completed a recommendation is made as to whether or not intrusive environmental sampling regime is required to address the findings of the Phase I study.

A Phase I ESA is often required by a financial institution as a condition of sale, or when an existing mortgage is renewed. It is important that stakeholders of a property be made aware of any environmental liabilities associated with that property, and a Phase I ESA provides this service.
Phase II ESA: Phase II ESAs are conducted in order to address specific suspected environmental concerns, usually identified by a Phase I ESA. They involve an intrusive investigation in which subsurface soil and groundwater samples are collected through subsurface drilling or test pitting. Samples are then submitted to an independent laboratory in order to confirm or deny the presence of environmental impacts through chemical analysis.

A Phase II ESA report will contain a summary of chemical analysis, and compare the results to the appropriate government-issued guidelines. E2K can then tailor the regulatory requirements to be site-specific in order to minimize field costs.
Phase III ESA: Phase III ESAs are conducted in order to address specific known environmental impacts. There are usually two main parts of a Phase III ESA; a delineation program where additional test samples are collected in order to quantify the impacts, followed by a remediation program designed to reduce the impacts to acceptable levels.
E2K will provide a variety of remediation options in order to find the most cost-effective solution for the needs of your site. Urban remediation usually involves the removal of the impacted material to a disposal facility (“Dig and Dump”), however depending up on the needs of your site, other remediation options can be made available including in-situ methods as well as ex-situ on-site treatment.
Risk Management Plan: Risk management, or exposure control, is an option which E2K can explore when site remediation is uneconomical or unrealistic.
In a Risk Management Plan, administrative and/or physical barriers are put in place in order to prevent contamination from reaching receptors such as site occupants, wildlife, and surface and groundwater.

Risk Management Plans are ongoing in nature, and usually, involve some kind of monitoring regime in order to confirm that the barriers put in place are functioning properly.

Approval Conformance (Soil and Groundwater Management): Certain commercial and industrial facilities within the province of Alberta are required to operate under the terms of a government approval. Often, these terms will include requirements for soil and groundwater management plans.
Soil and Groundwater Management Plans: These Plans are frequently required as part of an operating approval in order to confirm that soil and groundwater at a site is not being impacted by the normal operations of a facility.
Management plans usually include a design phase in which a regular monitoring and reporting regime is proposed to the appropriate regulatory body. The management plan will be reviewed by the regulator and either accepted or changes will be proposed. Once the management plan has been accepted by the regulator, specific monitoring and reporting regimes are implemented which are defined by the Management Plan. E2K’s services include the design, submission, and implementation of soil and groundwater management plans.